ADVANCED MANAGEMENT SCIENCE <p>Advanced Management Science (ISSN: 2222-4955, e-ISSN: 2222-4963) is a peer reviewed, free-access academic journal aiming to publish high quality articles covering a wide range of management science and engineering. We devote to providing a forum for international scholars, researchers to publish authoritative and well referenced articles in management science and engineering. Advanced Management Science (AMS) is a collaborated publishing project under Volkson Press and Academic Research Publishers.</p> AMSDFK en-US ADVANCED MANAGEMENT SCIENCE 2222-4963 RESULTS <p>All 63 Syrian participants of the Istanbul and Ga-ziantep EMDR trainings were compared with 37 Nepa-lese Participants of the EMDR training in Kathmandu, on the way in which they the NTBSQ. Participants completed both the quantitative and the qualitative questions with the following results (Table 1, 2, 3).</p> Jia Zhou Copyright (c) 2022 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT SCIENCE 2022-07-21 2022-07-21 1 1 1 10 PRACTICAL PROBLEMS AND IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES OF ENGLISH VOCABULARY TEACHING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY <p><strong><em>Background</em></strong><em>:</em><em> Mental health problems start early in life. However, the majority of adolescents fulfilling the criteria for mental health disorders do not receive treatment, and half of those who do get treatment drop out. This begs the question of what differentiates helpful from unhelpful treatment processes from the perspective of young clients.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Subjects and methods:</em></strong><em> In this study, we interviewed 12 young people who entered mental health care reluctantly at the initiative of others before the age of 18. Their journeys through mental health care varied significantly despite sharing the same starting point.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Results</em></strong><em>:</em><em> Our analyses resulted in a model of three trajectories. We describe relational and structural facilitators and obstacles within each trajectory and have formulated narratives highlighting core experiences differentiating them. Trajectory 1 (I never saw the point – Being met as a case) was characterized by a rapid loss of hope, leading the adolescents to conclude that mental health care was not worth the investment. Trajectory 2 (I gave it a go, but nothing came of it – Being met by a therapist representing a rigid and unhelpful system) was characterized by a lingering hope that never materialized into a constructive therapeutic process despite prevailing efforts by both therapists and adolescents. Trajectory 3 (Something good came of it – Being met by a therapist who cares and wants to help) was characterized by genuine meetings, allowing the therapist to transform from an unsafe stranger into a safe, competent, and benevolent adult.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>:</em><em> These findings point to the key role played by the therapist as a person and adolescents’ positive meetings with a safe, genuine, and flexible therapist who could make their treatment useful despite a less-than-optimal starting point. The results have important clinical implications, including the extent to which service organizations allow sufficient flexibility for therapists to ensure individualized treatment that meets the needs of adolescent clients. The findings also shed light on how adolescents are active participants in therapy, feel responsible for making the therapeutic relationship work, and often remain in therapy for a longer period without experiencing benefits even when they have entered therapy at the initiative of others.</em></p> Jia Zhou Copyright (c) 2022 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT SCIENCE 2022-07-22 2022-07-22 1 1 20 25 INTRODUCTION <p>Research indicates that only about 25% of adolescents with mental health problems have been in touch with mental health care the past year. Many young clients come to therapy at the initiative of others, meeting mental health care at a less-than-optimal starting point considering the importance for adolescents to assert agency in therapy. Moreover, 28–75% of young clients quit treatment prematurely. Their reasons are diverse: Some are dissatisfied, some perceive (whether or not the therapist concurs) that they have achieved what they wanted, and some quit because of difficulties outside therapy. In-session events and therapist behaviors are linked to adolescents dropping out of treatmen, but it has been difficult to predict which young people are at risk of dropping out. Taken together, research indicates that the existing clinical practice in mental health care does not succeed in providing treatment that is perceived as accessible or helpful for many adolescents (Kessler et al. 1995). Therefore, to improve services, it is important to understand what differentiates helpful from unhelpful treatment from the perspective of adolescents, especially when therapy has a difficult starting point, e.g., when adolescents enter mental health care at the initiative of others.</p> Jia Zhou Copyright (c) 2022 ADVANCED MANAGEMENT SCIENCE 2022-07-21 2022-07-21 1 1 25 30